Driving a Heavy Vehicle
  • Éditeur québécois

Driving a Heavy Vehicle is a compendium of the principal standards, guidelines and rules of conduct concerning:

- the responsibilities, rights and obligations of heavy vehicle drivers;
- factors that affect driving;
- traffic rules;
- special driving techniques specific to each type of heavy vehicle;
- the rules that apply to each type of transportation (passengers or goods);
- special equipment and the configuration of heavy vehicles;
- coupling and decoupling techniques;
- the rules regarding hours of driving and off-duty time;
- obligations concerning circle checks of vehicles.

This guide is an essential tool to help you prepare for the tests you must take in order to obtain a Class 1, 2 or 3 driver’s licence.

Other documents may also be useful to help you assimilate the knowledge you need. For more information, visit the website of the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec (www.saaq.gouv.qc.ca).

Table des matières

Table des matières
Driving a Heavy Vehicle 1
Introduction 7
Table of contents 8
Chapter 1 - The Driver’s Responsibilities 23
Habits you must develop 25
Rules 31
Spring thaw restrictions 33
Highway carrier monitoring 35
Mandatory stops at inspection stations 37
Obligations 38
In the event of an accident 41
Move-over law 42
True or false 43
Chapter 2 - Factors that influence driving 45
Driver fatigue 47
Inattentiveness and distraction 53
Speed 54
Alcohol 55
Drugs and medications 56
Certain features of your vehicle and their impact on your driving 59
Driving in difficult conditions 62
Test your knowledge of fatigue 66
True or false 68
Chapter 3 - Know your vehicle 69
Types of heavy vehicles 71
Dashboard indicators 73
Steering wheel 74
Accelerator 75
Types of transmissions 76
The right RPM is important for your engine 86
True or false 90
Chapter 4 - Pneumatic (Air) Brake Systems 91
The most popular brake system 93
Controls and components 94
How service brakes work 105
How the parking brake works 111
How the emergency brake works 113
Supplemental brake systems 114
Anti-lock brakes 116
Brake inspection 117
Brake adjustment 117
True or false 120
Chapter 5 - Driving know-how and road safety 121
Keep your eyes open 123
Allow yourself enough space 128
Negotiating a curve 134
Turning at an intersection 136
Braking distance 141
How to bring your vehicle to a stop 141
Backing up 144
Changing lanes 149
Passing 150
Driving uphill 151
Driving downhill 152
Supplemental brakes 156
True or false 162
Chapter 6 - Coping with dangerous situations 163
What should you do when you get a flat tire? 165
What is hydroplaning and how should you react? 167
What causes skidding? 168
How to recover from a skid 170
What causes jackknifing? 172
How to make an emergency stop 173
If your brakes should fail despite all your efforts 174
If your vehicle catches fire 178
If an animal strays onto the road 179
True or false 180
Chapter 7 - Transportation of passengers 181
Laws and regulations 183
Number of passengers 184
Rules for the road 185
School buses 188
Securing baggage 191
True or false 192
Chapter 8 - Trucking 193
Load restrictions 195
Special travel permits 199
Safeguarding bridges and overpasses 200
Rules for securing cargo 202
General rules 203
Special rules for the securement of certain types of cargo 207
Securement inspection 214
Tips for proper load distribution 215
Rules for transporting dangerous substances 218
Special rules for transporting dangerous substances 226
Safety tips for transporting certain categories of goods 233
Reflective strips 237
Regulation respecting environmental standards for heavy vehicles 239
True or false 242
Chapter 9 - Hitching, unhitching and driving a double road train 243
Hitching and unhitching a tractor and a semi-trailer 245
Hitching and unhitching a double road train 252
Physical factors that affect driving 261
Driving a double road train 263
Skidding, overturning and jackknifing 272
True or false 275
Chapter 10 - Driving a longer combination vehicle (LCV) 277
Special operating permit 280
Types of LCVs covered by the Regulation 281
Roads where LCVs are authorized to travel 286
Roads where LCVs are not authorized to travel 287
Responsibilities of special permit holders 287
Requirements 288
True or false 290
Chapter 11 - Driving and off-duty time for heavy vehicle drivers 291
Fatigue 293
Individuals covered 293
Vehicles covered 294
Exempt vehicles 295
Definitions 298
General rules 303
Special situations 313
Splitting of off-duty time in a sleeper berth 316
Daily log 325
Details of the daily log 329
The summary log: an essential tool 334
Documents to be kept in the vehicle 337
Transfer of documents 337
Out-of-service declaration 338
A driver’s record 339
Appendix 1 – Sleeper berth 341
Appendix 2 – List of requirements, offences and fines 343
True of false 345
Chapter 12 - Circle Check of a Vehicle 347
What is the circle check? 349
Is it mandatory? 349
Vehicles subject to the circle check 350
Exempt vehicles 351
Who should perform the circle check? 352
Vehicle used by more than one driver 353
Who should report defects? 355
When should the circle check be performed? 355
Responsibility for the condition of the vehicle 358
Mechanical defects 359
Mandatory use of the list of defects 361
Components to inspect 362
The inspection report 363
Drivers and the circle check 368
Table of components to inspect and defects to be detected 369
For a thorough and effective inspection 435
Tips and recommendations 436
Suggested 10-step method 438
Inspecting a pneumatic brake system (air brake system) 449
Inspecting a hydraulic brake system 452
Particularities for inspecting other types of vehicles 455
Inspections while on the road 458
Inspections during your trip 459
Roadside inspections 460
Inspections at the end of a trip 461
True or false 461
Appendices 463
Driver’s licence classes 464
Lists of Defects 467
Laws and regulations 490
Documents and publications 491
Pressure Conversion Table 493
Measurement Conversion Table (length) 494
Answers to the questions at the end of each chapter 495
Notes 496